intro

A Natureza

natureza2_200px

 

The destination Cataratas is home to the extremely rich Iguassu Forest which is one of the most important biological reserves of Latin America. It is estimated that more than one million hectars of forest still exist in the region.

In this impressive reserve, we can can find one of the most marvelous spectacles on earth, the Cataratas of Iguassu. Two enormous national parks, one on the Brazilian side and another on the Argentine side, guarantee the natural beauty of the Cataratas and the surrounding jungle. Both of the parks were recently reformed and revitalized allowing a more comfortable and lower impact experience for visitors. Improvements include first-aid stations, ample restrooms, public phones, restaurants, leisure areas, luncheonettes, shops, public transport systems and visitors centers.

The waterfalls generate mist that permeates the canyon vales creating an environment similar to a cloud forest with a microclimate propitious for bromeliads, orchids and other airplants. Beautiful birds with brilliant iridescent colors such as toucans, tanagers and parrots can be easily viewed. Hundreds of butterflies fly through the forests and waterfalls. For the visitor who would like to get into more intimate contact with the rich natural ecosystem.natureza1_200px

For discerning visitors from countries around the globe, the Iguassu Forest fulfills their fantasies and dreams to be able to feel, up close, pure nature still uncontaminated by human hands.

 

 
Typical Regional Cuisine

feijoadaCULTURAcomidatipicaTypical Regional Cuisine

Typical Brazilian cuisine ranges from savory fish to the famous Gaucho Barbecue called “Churrasco”. On Saturdays one can enjoy a “feijoada” which is an extremely rich version of pork and black beans made with smoked meats. Argentina is renowned for its fine wines, cheeses and its succulent steaks known as “Bife a Chorizo”. The Paraguayan food is based mainly on its strong indigenous culture with “chipa” and “Paraguayan Soup” which, in reality, is not a soup but similar to a polenta.

comidatipica1NOVA

 

 

Currencies

Brazil: Real (plural Reais)

Argentina: Peso

Paraguay: Guarani

 
Infrastructure

infraestrutura1_200pxinfraestrutura2_200px

The destination Cataratas is served by three international airports: Aerporto Internacional Cataratas (IGU) in Brazil, Aeropuerto Internacional Cataratas del Iguazú (IGR) in Argentina and Guarani International Airport (AGT) in Paraguay. The region is very well equipped with hotels ranging from sprawling, luxurious hotels from international chains to Inns and Hostels with prices geared to young travelers. There is a huge variety of imported goods available at discount prices in Paraguay and the Argentinean Free-Shop.

Iguassu has excellent restaurants that serve regional specialties and international cuisine. The different ethnic restaurants include Chinese, Arabian. Italian, Japanese, German and the finest Gaucho steakhouses.


 
History

cabezadevacaNOVACabeza de Vaca, while crossing the dense jungle from Santa Catarina to Assuncion, Paraguay; was the first European to arrive at the Cataratas in 1541.

The Jesuits founded here a mission in 1630 which was part of the “Republic of the Guaranies”. It was abandoned in 1639 due to attacks from slave-traders from São Paulo known as “Bandeirantes”.historia2_200px

After this, the region was practically abandoned until 1880 when Argentinean entrepreneurs started exploiting the natural reserves of lumber and wild Yerba tea. This produce was exported by the Parana River to urban centers in Argentina. In 1888 a Brazilian military outpost was established in Iguassu. From 1940 to 1970 there was a great influx of settlers from southern Brazil who transformed the region into one of the major producers of grain in the world. In 1974 construction began on the Itaipu Dam which transformed and modernized the region. Today, the urban area which comprises the three cities in three countries has a population of approximately 600,000 inhabitants.